Records reveal from 1999 to 2017, almost 400,000 individuals died from an opioid overdose. Opioid related fatalities increased significantly in 1999, 2010, and 2013. In 1999, there was a notable increase in deaths involving both natural and semi-synthetic prescription opioids, such as morphine, codeine and oxycodone. In 2010, there was surge in heroin overdose deaths creating a nearly 400% increase between 2010 and 2017. In 2013, numbers show a rise in overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl and tramadol (CDC, 2018).
Center for Disease Control (2018). Understanding the Epidemic. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/epidemic/index.html#resources.
CDC (2019) Opioid Data Analysis and Resources. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/analysis.html