The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) represents over 6,000 addiction medicine professionals. The society consists of experts who treat and promote recovery from addiction. With the intent of a creating a better understanding, ASAM released their updated definition of addiction on October 22, 2019. See updated definition below.
"Addiction is a treatable, chronic medical disease involving complex interactions among brain circuits, genetics, the environment, and an individual’s life experiences. People with addiction use substances or engage in behaviors that become compulsive and often continue despite harmful consequences. Prevention efforts and treatment approaches for addiction are generally as successful as those for other chronic diseases (ASAM, 2019)."
American Society of Addiction Medicine (2019). ASAM Releases New Definition of Addiction to Advance Greater Understanding of the Complex, Chronic Disease. Retrieved from https://www.asam.org/resources/publications/magazine/read/article/2019/10/22/asam-releases-new-definition-of-addiction-to-advance-greater-understanding-of-the-complex-chronic-disease?mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiTmpjNE56SmtOelUxTVRVeiIsInQiOiJZS3J4bHRINnpqTENuelRtVEo0SFwvSEVPVlQ2emtcL3Fza3FjQ0Zidkh3ak1MN0lkVGVHWnZWXC9aSFJaZk00WVE4ejZNNTlOUzVLYzhJMU1wT0txQ1V5VGhFMHIxeDRkOVc3RWpsUU5hRTk3OGxIMER3ZWN0ZWRUZ0dEckpXRFoycyJ9&fbclid=IwAR1fGJNKqjzkqyJX40sfr7Xjl7hQm98UQQzP6uqatC18A08CiwR3Z4aujsY